Every so often, so-called structured investments hit the news. And its never for the rightreasons.
Theyre back in the headlines again,after Yorkshire Building Society was fined 1.4m by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) for exaggerating the returns its customers could expect from its stock market-linked bonds.
Credit Suisse, which designed the bonds, was fined 2.4m.
Structured products target older savers who are desperate to beat thereturns on cash, without throwing themselvesat the mercy ofthe stock market.
Yorkshires Cliquet range offered capital protection and a guaranteed minimum return, with the potential return of 40% more if the FTSE 100 performed consistently well.
Yet the FCA found that the possibility of achieving even the minimum term was barely 40-50%, while the chances of achieving the heavily promoted maximum return were close to 0%.
Almost 84,000 customers invested more than 800m, and are now in line for compensation.
Arc Of Disaster
Every few years, a batch of structured products fail, and the regulator is left to pick up the pieces.
There were a stringof failuresfive years ago, including Arc Capital & Income, NDFA, DRL and the highest profile of all, Keydata. Its capital guaranteed plans were sold by a number of reputable building societies, including Cheshire, Derbyshire, Dunfermline and Leeds, as well as the Royal Bank of Scotland.
In every case, investors faced an anxious wait to see if they would get their money back.
Keydata had 2.8 billion under management, and more than 85,000 investors. Structured funds are big business.
Confused? You Will Be
Whenever I complain about structured products, the IFAs who so enthusiastically sell them complain that Im being unfair, and the vast majority quietly do their job without attracting nasty headlines.
But they are still insanely complicated, and too many people who buy them dont understand how they work.
Take the Yorkshire product. I still cant get my head around the FCAs description of what needed to happen for investors to get the maximum payout.
See if you can do better: If the sum of the returns over the FTSE index (with the return in each period capped and floored) exceed the minimum return, the deposit pays the sum of the FTSE returns. For the maximum return to be achieved the FTSE 100 was required to rise by AT LEAST the cap level in every 6 month period.
Know Your Risks
Overly-complex structured products are built for disaster, and disaster duly strikes them again and again.
Ifyou invest directly in company shares, you know you are taking a risk. Too many investors in structured products have absolutely no idea what theyre letting themselves in for.
If you understand and accept the risks of investing in stocks and shares, there are some great opportunities out there right now.
Our analysts have picked out one of the most exciting opportunities on the market to day. You can read about this in our new report A Top Growth Share From The Motley Fool.
This UK Company is in one of the Fastest Growing Sectors Of All. It is a turnaround opportunity that looks set to offer super-charged returns to investors this year and beyond.
To find out which stock we rate so highly, Click Here Now.